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上海中考英语之选词填空2016

浏览次数: 日期:2016-05-11 14:23:46

       上海中考英语之选词填空2016


实战练习Complete the following passage with the words in the box. Each word can only be used once.

(将下列单词填入空格。每空格限填一词,每个单词只能填一次) 


A.exercising   B.cause   C.confident   D. physical   E.screen


    Millions of people now use computers for many different things. We often hear that computers have

changed our lives for the better. But have they ?

    Of course computers are useful, and have changed some people’s lives for the better. However, 

they also  46   problems, too. A large number of people who use computers a lot can get  47 problems. 

They find that their eyesight gets worse,  for example, if they look at the  48  for too long. There will be 

injures in computers users’ hands and arms, as people use the keyboard and the mouse too much. 

People who have computers are also spending more time sitting down, and less time  49 , so many of 

them are becoming overweight.


判断框内所给单词词性

exercising:锻炼,名词(动名词),可以标注n

cause:引起或导致,动词,标注v

confident 自信的, 形容词,标注adj

physical 身体的,形容词,标注adj

screen 屏幕,名词,标注n

分类归纳缩小选词范围

形容词:2个 confident & physical

名词:2个 exercising & screen

动词:1个 cause 


Step by step 练习题剖析

考题主旨背景信息了解(如果阅读速度不够或答题时间不够可略过)

    Millions of people now use computers for many different things. We often 

hear that computers have changed our lives for the better. But have they ?

    现在成千上万的人使用电脑做许多不同的事儿。我们常常听到电脑已经改变了我们

生活,但是真的改变了吗?从文章开头,我们就得到了一个信息,这篇文章是关于

电脑是否对人们生活有改变。


    Of course computers are useful, and have changed some people’s lives for 

the better. However, they(主语) also  46   problems(宾语), too.

they人称代词主格形式,主语是they, also也,是副词,接着空格的是problems,

可数名词的复数形式在这句句子里是宾语,空格处缺谓语动词。5个单词里的动

词就是cause。

    电脑当然是有用的也已经把一些人的生活变得更好,然而,他们也导致

(引起)了一些问题。


A large number of people who use computers a lot can get  47  problems.

主语:[A large number of people who use computers a lot]许多用电脑多的人

谓语:[can get]get,,动词,这里相当于have,意思是有。

宾语:[problems] 问题,可数名词复数形式,动词get的动作对象,句子的宾语。


    People who have computers are also spending more time sitting down, and 

lesstime  49 , so many of them are becoming overweight.

主语:[People who have computers]有电脑的人

谓语:[are spending]spend动词,花费(时间或金钱)用法:spend time doing sth

宾语:[more time and less time]这句话中间有个连词and,所以spend的动作对象有

2个,一个是more time,还有一个是less time, more time的宾语补足语时sitting down

一个名词性的动词短语,那么less time因为和more time是有and作为并列结构的连接

词,所以less time后面也应当用一个相对应的动名词。那么我们可以看到供选择的5个

单词里唯一的一个动名词就是exercising,最后用第三步判意思把意思带入句中检查下

是否通顺。而且有电脑的人们花了更多的时间坐,很少运动,所以他们中许多人都变

得超重。



选词填空三步曲,你学会了吗?


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